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Vers un mix renouvelable

02 October 2017

France is configured for the immediate future as one of the main European markets in terms of photovoltaic energy.

France is configured for the immediate future as one of the main European markets in terms of photovoltaic energy.

During 2015 and 2016, the country ranks fourth in the European ranking by accumulated power (behind Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom). By the end of 2014, France had exceeded 5 GW of total capacity and by the end of 2016 7 GW. Globally, France is currently seventh (after China, Japan and the US, and the former European countries).

  • 2002: 17,2
  • 2003: 21,1
  • 2004: 26,0
  • 2005: 33,0
  • 2006: 43,9
  • 2007: 75,2
  • 2008: 179,7
  • 2009: 335,2
  • 2010: 1025
  • 2011: 2831
  • 2012: 3843
  • 2013: 4598
  • 2014: 5700
  • 2015: 6580
  • 2016: 7100

CAPACIDAD FTV ACUMULADA FRANCIA 

Fuente: elaboración propia con datos de Snapshop of Global PV y de Solar Power Europe 2017.

In August 2015 France adopted its Energy Transition Law with the aim of changing its energy model to a cleaner and more sustainable one capable of sustaining the country's economic development.

Mix eléctrico francés, 2015

Fuente: RTE

The French government, echoing the increasing competitiveness of photovoltaic energy, proposes through this law and as targets the increase of the weight of renewable energy from 15% in 2015 to 23% by 2023 and to 32 % in the year 2030.

"Vers a mix électrique 100% renouvable en 2050" is the name of a major report issued in June 2016 by ADEME, the government agency responsible for green and renewable energy, which reproduce the following chart:

Gisements (GW) par la filière et par région

By "gisement" and according to the report itself, it is understood: "Dans l'étude, le terme gisement désigne le potentiel maximum instalable d'une technologie. Il diffère de la puissance effectivement installée suite à l'optimisation de parc ".

 

Finally, in October 2016, the Gallian government adopted the Multi-annual Energy Program 2016-2023 (PPE), establishing the road map, setting priorities and guidelines for the coming years.

Some Headlines:

  • Geotermiaonline.com (April 2015): "France could only source nuclear and renewable energy by 2050."
  • Energy Newspaper (August 2016): "France is bidding for 3 GW of solar energy until 2020".

    "These are six tenders of 500 MW that will be carried out between 2017 and 2020". "All projects will have to be put on the ground and installed with a capacity ranging from 500 kW to 17 MW of power.

    The objectives that France would like to achieve in Solar Energy, according to the news we commented, would be:

         - Exceeding 10 GW in 2018
         - Being close to 20 GW in 2023 ".
         - Le Monde (January 2017): "La France pourrait produire 100% d'energie renouvelable en 2050".

  • Energía21.com (February 2017): "France, the new emerging photovoltaic market in Europe". We extract the following paragraphs:
    • "The impulses that are being received from the dynamic French market are another important signal for the sector. The objectives of the French government are ambitious, and only a year and a half after the energy transition law, the effects of its incentives for the renewable energy market are beginning to be felt. Long-term program planning has set the first partial targets for 2023. According to this planning, photovoltaic installations should grow more than three times as far as that. This is equivalent to an average growth of 1.5 GW per year. "
    • According to Sven Rösner, deputy manager of DFBEW (German-French Energy Generation Office): "During the last 12 months, France has implemented other measures announced in the energy transition law. (...) a specific calendar has been introduced with tenders for open-air solar site installations (...) Reinforced by these measures, the French market gains in security, and foreign actors are constantly added. The objective of achieving growth of some 2 GWp per year up to 2018, and an annual expansion of the park of 3-4 GWp per year in the following years, seems ambitious, but it is legally binding »
  • Elcano Royal Institute (March 2017): The French energy transition law for green growth and the 2016-2023 Multiannual Energy Programming.
    Very well documented article, signed by Jean François Collin.
  • The energy newspaper. (March 2017): "France" heats "the Spanish renewable auction: photovoltaic gala is already 62.5 euros MWh [2]".
    "France has just awarded the first of a series of auctions of photovoltaic solar energy that will take over the next few years to complete the 3 GW of installed power. In this first auction France has awarded a total of 534 MW. The winners are 79 projects that have spread all over the country. "

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