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Photovoltaic in Spain. Status 2019

09 July 2019

We review some of the latest publications regarding the status of solar energy in our country

According to the REE in its report Renewable energies in the Spanish Electric System, 2018:

"Solar is the third renewable source of electricity generation in Spain, with 7,918 MW of installed capacity and 12,183 GW of generation in 2018 (...)

Solar represents 6.7% of the installed power at the national level, 4.7% of the national electricity generation, and 12.1% of generation with respect to the total of the renewable (...)

By autonomous communities, the distribution of both solar technologies is (...): Castilla-La Mancha is the region with the most photovoltaic solar power installed with almost 20% of the national power, followed very closely by Andalucía and a little further by Extremadura and Castilla y León. Only these four communities comprise 61% of the photovoltaic power installed in Spain. On the other hand, the communities of the Cantabrian coast stand out, all of them below 1% of the national total.

In the case of solar thermal, only six autonomous communities have this type of facility, with Andalucía being the region with the most installed capacity followed by Extremadura, with 80% of the total installed power of this technology hoarding both. "

A few headlines:

Regarding the growth forecasts for the Spanish PV.

Spain: 19.5 GW of new solar photovoltaic capacity for 2023

"Given that none of the solar energy projects awarded in Spain or the PPA projects were connected to the network last year, it is possible that Spain will become the largest photovoltaic market in Europe in 2019. In the longer term, solar capacity photovoltaic accumulated in Spain could reach 25.4 GW in 2023, which would mean a new capacity of 19.5 GW in the next 5 years. Spain is, therefore, among the first two perspectives in Europe and among the seven first in the world according to the average SolarPower scenario. "

In Spain more than 4,000 MW of new photovoltaic power will be installed until the end of the year.

Solar power doubles in Spain in one year. 21/06/2019. 

We extract some paragraphs:

"Solar energy shines again. Spain increased this year the installation of photovoltaic solar energy, thanks to the expectations created by the elimination of the so-called sun tax and the progressive elimination of bureaucratic obstacles, fostered by the new legal framework that led to the arrival of the socialist government. The effects of legal changes begin to be appreciated.

In 2018, installed capacity increased by 94% compared to 2017.

In 2018 in Spain, 261.7 MW were installed, an amount well behind those of other European countries.

In 2018, installed capacity increased by 94% compared to 2017 (from 135 MW to 261.7 MW).

(...) By the end of this 2019, the connection of a large part of new large plants (the result of the auctions promoted by the previous government) will have materialized, and this type of renewable energy will receive a strong boost.

The installation of 400 MW of self-consumption is foreseen, which will have triggered the figures of last year in self-consumption in 2018 (235 MW).

(NECP) for the period 2021-2030, which foresees the installation of an average of 3 GW of new photovoltaic power per year from 2021, to reach a total of 28,000 MW (...) All this will involve an investment of 28,000 million euros .

"The development of self-consumption (shared between different buildings), the integration of photovoltaics in building, the transition towards sustainable mobility, the increasing penetration of batteries to store energy and the digitalization of processes" (Donoso / UNEF ).

Currently, one of the reforms claimed is the establishment of a new regulation for the concession of connection points so that all actors have access to the same information and opportunities and these are granted in a transparent manner. Spain, the second photovoltaic market in Europe during the next 5 years.

Photovoltaics in Spain after the NECP: Challenges and considerations.

"The NECP, which aims to build 30,000 MW of photovoltaic solar energy by 2030 in the country."

Recently, in this same web, we have commented on the NECP sent to the EU and the response of this body to the Spanish government.

The Spanish PPA market awakens international interest.

Regarding distributed generation.

After the repeal of the so-called "sun tax" a huge number of citizens opt for self-consumption, thus increasing the requests for this modality in an exponential way.

Regarding technological applications.

In this web we have commented on some occasions (22/05/2018), the enormous importance of the SEG (Smart Electric Grid) and on the other hand the advances in Digital Technology (29/04/2019).

The Smart Grid, in the energy slang, is the optimization in the management of electricity using computer technology, more or less centralized, to balance supply and demand, production and distribution. In practice, it is the computerization of the Electricity Network comprising all the data coming from the generation plants as well as the distribution routes and the final users.

«Smart cities», the intelligence worth it. (22/11/2018).

Applying these concepts of "smart" technologies, the Smart City Expo World Congress of Barcelona (SCEWC) was held in Barcelona in November 2018, with the aim of taking advantage of the huge amount of data provided by ICT, which means an opportunity to revolutionize mobility, energy consumption, sustainability, efficiency and urbanism.

The cities of the future: intelligent, digital and sustainable. Telefónica Foundation 2016.

More technology, more efficiency and sustainability.

"In a scenario in which cities are increasingly populated, the application of "artificial intelligence" represents a decisive technological contribution that leads to sustainability and efficiency, in order to meet needs for mobility, security, coexistence and , in any case, respect for the environment. From the European Union are already working on the concept of "Smart Region", so that small populations can benefit from the implementation "smart" in urban areas.

In the case of Spain, the Official College of Telecommunications Engineers highlights in its report 'The smart trend of cities in Spain', carried out together with AEIT, that correct planning from the beginning is a decisive vector of development, in a country in which in recent years have been concentrated, most of government, business and research initiatives. For its part, Deloitte highlights the digital transformation of cities or their evolution towards "smart cities" as a priority area of ​​investment and opportunities. From the most strategic level, helping public managers to define the city-future model, to the most operational, making available to these managers the technological solutions that will make the city a digital city. An activity in which the implications are not only technological, but also strategic, legal, financial and management, and in which Spanish companies such as Iberdrola, Mapfre and Siemens actively participate".

Regarding access to networks and "connection points".

The draft of the new standard for access and connection to networks, analyzed by the Pérez-Llorca Office (June 19th, 2019).

The importance of access to networks, defined by the Supreme Court as "the true cornerstone of the liberalization of the electricity sector."

"The general objectives that the CNMC aims to achieve through this Circular are, on the one hand, to prevent discrimination between users, and on the other hand, to favor cooperation and coordination between managers and owners of the network, as well as between owners of the facilities of production. On the main novelties of the proposal, the speakers highlighted (1) the introduction of new concepts such as complementary power; (2) the simplification and specification of administrative procedures; and, especially, (3) the joint processing of access and connection permits (...) aspects of the Circular that aim to "reinforce the requirement of firmness of projects to avoid speculation".

The CNMC proposes to auction the electrical connections of the plants that close.

"The CNMC has begun to exercise its "legislative" function by taking its first circulars or regulations to public consultation. Specifically, four related to the energy sector. Under the protection granted by Royal Decree Law 1/2019, of January, the agency has sent a circular regarding the methodology and conditions of access and connection to the transport and distribution networks of electricity producers (for outside, at the moment, those of distributors and consumers)".

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