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Germany and the Energiewende

14 February 2019

A photograph to the sustained effort to maintain the green revolution or transition in energy matters by the European locomotive in recent years.

The pages that follow can be read as a continuation of a previous article published on these pages on 2/9/17 "European Strategy for Energy. Germany and renewables "and where we provided some data that ended in 2016.

2017:

Under the title of "The German solar market grew by around 15% last year", pvmagazine publishes  that "in 2017, the registered photovoltaic capacity was 1,753 MW (...)" We added: 6th in the Global Ranking. "The Federal Network Agency has reported that Germany's cumulative installed photovoltaic capacity reached 42.9 GW by the end of 2017." We add: 4th in the Global Ranking.

According to IEA. Snapshot Of Global Photovoltaic Markets 2018: "In Europe, Germany confirmed its leading position in the continent and installed 1.8 GW in 2017."

The proportion of renewables in the Teutonic country for the year 2017 is shown in the following graph, taken from Statistisches Jahrbuch 2018, p. 569:

2018

"During the first six months of 2018, Germany set a new record for renewable energy after obtaining 41.5% of all its energy from solar photovoltaic, wind and biomass, an increase of 4% over the previous year (...) by 2022, the German government also plans to completely eliminate nuclear energy, closing the doors of all its remaining nuclear power plants "as reported by Pepa Mosquera from Energías Renovables (04/01/2019).

"For the entire 2018, Fraunhofer ISE forecasts a growth of installed photovoltaic power of approximately 3.2 GW" as reported by Sandra Enkhardt in Pvmagazine 07/01/2019. The increase is recorded in the following graph.

And he continues referring, now, to the production of electricity: "According to the report, in fact, the photovoltaic grew by about 6.3 TWh until reaching 45.7 TWh in 2018. This mean an increase of 16%, which allowed the solar to represent 8.4% of the total electricity production ". These data are collected in the following graphs.

"In 2018, solar and wind energy produced 157 TWh together, which is more than coal and nuclear energy," the Fraunhofer ISE wrote in its report.

For the first time, the share of renewable energy resources in Germany's net electricity generation raised to over 40%, according to the report issued in January 2019.

The German energy mix for 2018 is included in the following graph:

It can be seen that the proportion of renewables in the 2018 mix exceeds 40%, as noted above. In the 2016 mix, the proportion of renewables was 29.5%. In other words, in just two years, Germany increased the contributory rate of renewables to electricity production by 10%. It is also evident in the graphs above, the decreasing evolution of coal, gas and nuclear sources in the years considered.

The following websites examine the Energiewende (Energy Transition) of Germany and other European countries.

We conclude with an overall vision limited to photovoltaics:

*Source: own compilation based on data from Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy;IEA; Fraunhafer ISE 2018.

Let us hope that the European locomotive will not fail despite the setback that the refusal to sign the agreements for the reduction of CO2 emissions and the consequences on climate change, by different countries (mainly oil powers), at the last meeting of COP24 in the coal city Katowice (Poland).

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