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Employment and ecological transition

28 March 2019

We will examine the employment prospects based on the laws of the ecological transition recently announced by the Spanish Government.

On February 22, 2019, the government published the documents related to the legislation that constitute the Strategic Framework of Energy and Climate, basic pillar of the energy transition of our country. Easily accessible they remain under public consultation until April 1st.

"THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK that facilitates a transformation of the Spanish economy in which the country will gain in prosperity, energy security, generation of industrial employment, innovation, health, technological development and social justice, accompanying the most vulnerable groups".

To the first two parts of the main pillars (PNIEC and CLIMATE CHANGE LAW Draft) we already mentioned in our previous article on this website.

According to infobierzo.com "the document (FAIR TRANSITION STRATEGY) proposes the integration of the Ecological Transition in the Annual Plans of Employment Policy, focused on the equality of opportunities between women and men or the improvement of employment services in vulnerable territories through the SEPE (Public State Employment Service) in collaboration with communities and social agents".

The fourth document, NATIONAL STRATEGY AGAINST ENERGY POVERTY 2019-2024, was released a few days later, on March 4, joining the previous main pillars.

Libremercado.com echoes the news: "The Government will approve the Energy Poverty Strategy and a Royal Decree regulating the conditions for self-consumption of electricity before the Legislature expires, as announced by the Minister for Ecological Transition, Teresa Ribera. In the “news breakfasts” of Europa Press, Ribera said that these two matters should be "in the front of a rare end of short and enriching legislature" (...) "Teresa Ribera highlighted that the green transition is "an opportunity" for employment in the rural world through the promotion of renewable energies and sustainable tourism. In this way, she affirmed that fair transition agreements are integrated projects of territorial development that must be "negotiated and agreed", incorporating the largest number of actors and administrations ".

We will extract some of the employment data contributed by:

Report: "The application of the ILO guidelines on fair transition in the context of the Spanish energy transition", Nov 2018, presented by the CONAMA Foundation (National Environment Congress).

According to this report, the generation of economic activity and employment will be based on these six items:

The progress towards a new model of sustainable mobility.

Advances in the application of European regulations and in the resolution of financial obstacles in the public and private sectors will drive the rehabilitation of buildings.

The investments destined to improve the energetic efficiency in the productive processes of the companies.

The activities linked to digitization will concentrate a very important part of job creation.

The generation of energies with renewable sources.
The adaptation that the electric power distribution network must make to manage the new model of power generation.
The progress towards a new model of sustainable mobility.
Advances in the application of European regulations and in the resolution of financial obstacles in the public and private sectors will boost the rehabilitation of buildings.
The investments destined to improve the energetic efficiency in the productive processes of the companies.
The activities linked to digitalization will concentrate a very important part of employment creation.

Government report: "Economic, employment, social and public health impact of the Draft National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030".

According to this text, the chapter INVESTMENT AND EMPLOYMENT would have these figures:

"The PNIEC generates a net increase in EMPLOYMENT between 250,000 and 364,000 people per year (a 1.7% increase in employment in 2030). The unemployment rate would be reduced, (...) between 1.1% and 1.6%. "

"Finally, the slight negative impact associated with the divestments contemplated in nuclear power plants and coal as of 2025 is also included" (...) "The electric sector would have a net creation of employment (4,100 jobs), including the loss of employment associated with the reduction of activity in coal and nuclear plants. The only branch, according to this aggregation, that obtains a net loss of employment is that of the extractive industries (-569 jobs), derived from the reduction of activity in the extraction of coal ".

This evolution related to the increases in employability that the Energy Transition in our country is assuming, is also extended to other environments, as we can see in a headline from of March 13, 2019: "Jobs in clean energy in the US. they grow 3.6% to almost 3.3 million".

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