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Carbon footprint and effects on Climate Change. Spain.

27 November 2019

In reference to the next celebration of COP25, we analyze the Carbon Footprint, as well as the situation of emissions in Spain.

The 25th conference of the parts of United Nations Framework Convention (COP 25) on Climate Change will be held in Madrid, between December 2 and 13, 2019. Let's look at the situation of GHG emissions in Spain.


Below we show the data referring to our country.

According to datamacro.expansion.com: “CO2 emissions in Spain in 2017 have grown 18,456 kilotonnes, 6.99% compared to 2016. CO2 emissions in 2017 have been 282,364 kilotonnes, so Spain is among the countries that most pollute the ranking of countries by CO2 emissions, formed by 186 countries”

According to press release 07.02.2019 of the REE:

Peninsular electricity generation without CO2 grows to 62.5% in 2018, and emissions drop by 15%.

Peninsular electricity generation without CO2 emissions reached a share of 62.5% in 2018, compared to 57% registered in 2017, representing an increase of 5.5 percentage points. This progress in clean generation resulted in 15% less emissions: it has gone from 63.8 million tons in 2017 to 54.2 million tons in 2018. As regards combined cycles and coal, these have decreased their share in the electric mix with respect to the previous year by 22% and 18%, respectively (…)

This significant increase in renewable generation, and the consequent reduction in CO2 emissions, indicate that Spain is moving steadily towards a new energy and economic model based on decarbonization and long-term sustainability; and they are a clear reflection of the commitment of the Spanish electricity sector to European objectives in its fight against climate change”, said the president of Red Eléctrica de España, Jordi Sevilla, during the presentation of the Advance of the report of the Spanish electricity system 2018 .

We present below some graphs of the report of the Ministry of Ecological Transition. National Inventory of ATMOSPHERE EMISSIONS. EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES. EDITION 2019 (summary).


Next we extract and summarize the final table of the summary report.

The summary of the 2019 emissions inventory of the Spanish state lists the following source factors: Transportation, Electricity Generation, Industry, Residential, Commercial and Institutional (RCI, Agriculture, Waste, Refining, Fluorinated Gases, LULUCF Sector. Note: LULUCF (Land Use , Land-Use Change and Forestry).

The report, also from the Ministry of Ecological Transition, no longer in summary form, but of 990 pages, and under the title of NATIONAL INVENTORY REPORT GREENHOUSE GASES. SPAIN April, 2019, can be consulted here:

According to this same report, one of the main conclusions that should be highlighted is: “that the main effect of climate change mitigation measures is the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, (which) is a global benefit itself , in addition to generating incentives for economic diversification, for example, in fossil fuel producing countries. Many of the measures to combat climate change also generate a decrease in the demand for fossil fuels for energy savings and an increase in energy efficiency (…) ”to which we add as a corollary the relevant role of renewable energies and more specifically photovoltaic in this process to minimize Climate Change. 


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