Jump Main Menu. Go directly to the main content

News

Start of main content

2019: Renewable energies trends

10 January 2019

In this compilation we try to show what, according to the most prestigious journals of the sector, are, or will be in the coming years, the main trends of renewable energies.

1. AT GLOBAL LEVEL A GREATER SOCIAL AWARENESS AND PUBLIC COMMITMENT.

A progressive increase in social awareness and also a greater commitment on the part of governments, social agents, companies and users regarding climate change, energy consumption and other environmental measures, in addition to development and sustainability policies.

2. CONCERN ABOUT OUR PLANET AND PERSISTANCE IN DECREASING CO2 LEVELS.

One of the latest reports from the UN, issued by the IPCC and of which we reported in this same web (7/11/2018), pointed out the different and disastrous consequences of the planet temperature rise changing from 1, 5ºC to 2ºC. Data from the report warned about temperature rises above these 2ºC. The reactions of the environmental platforms to the controversial conclusions of the Katowice Summit (COP24) revolve, among others, about this point. According to elperiódico.com "the political declaration that should urge the countries to increase their efforts in the reduction of emissions stated in the latest reports of the UN has been decaffeinated by the radical opposition of the oil sector".

Another aspect according to pvmagazine (27/11/2018): "The CO2 price, the main price factor of the Spanish electricity market in 2018".

As result of these CO2 levels, there is a significant increase in the electric cars sales. According to this website: "the electric vehicle (EV) is gaining speed. In fact, there are huge manufacturing and investment goals in China, Germany and North America by leading automakers (...) that are backing predictions that sales of electric vehicles will skyrocket in the coming decades. "

3. INCREASE OF RENEWABLE SOURCES.

A vast majority of the governments of the globe implicated in a renewal of fossil fuels (oil, coal, gas) and nuclear sources have strong commitments of increasing their electricity mix with renewable sources (solar -photovoltaics + solar thermal- and wind).

In our country, and according to energía21.com (Dec 2018), 40% of the electricity generated in 2018 was renewable (13.7% hydro, 19.8% wind, 3.0% pv, 1.8 solar thermal; 1.7% other renewable).

4. STRONG INVESTMENTS IN RENEWABLES.

Because of the previous point, renewable energies and, more specifically, solar energies, have become more than an attractive business and in terms of investment. "Investing in solar energy will be more attractive than ever in 2019" is the title of an article by Pepe Mosquera in Energías Renovables published on 07/01/2019.

This leads to a remarkable increase in the sale of solar modules globally; According to pvmagazine, the forecasts include a range from 98 GW globally, going through 112, to 123 GW sold by 2019. The main countries involved in this growth will be China, India and the US.

Floating solar plants continue to increase. In opinion of some sector agents: "In 2018, (...) the annual floating photovoltaic installations will surpass the 1 GW and will still be driven mainly by China".

5. DIGITALIZATION AND AUTOMATION.

Improvement and extension (decentralized) of the digitalization and automation programs in the intelligent networks of management, distribution, transport, etc. (smart grid), is another of the most important trends in the field of energy. According to pvmagazine: "From the blockchain to the drones, digitalization is transforming the energy industry". Energética21.com, reports in Dec 2018 "2030 Grid Program. Two million euros to improve the electrical system and accelerate the energy transition".

6. IMPROVEMENT IN THE TECHNOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR PANELS.

(Article January 2019) Monocrystalline technology will experience a strong boost. Multicrystalline solar cells will continue to have a significant role. (Article October 2018).

Increase of the PERC technology (Passivated Emitter Rear Cell). Tests and advances with TOPCon technology (Tunnel Oxide Passivated Contact). The demand for heterojunction technology (HJT cells) will increase and increase of storage technologies.

7. NEED OF RECYCLING IN THE PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY.

This will be the main point in the renovation and repowering of solar plants in the solar industry. In fact, due to the age of the installed photovoltaic systems, the upgrading and improvement of operating plants is becoming more important, according to (Article Dec 2018).

In this web was published recently (18/10/2018) an article referring to the obsolescence and recycling of photovoltaic panels.

A related concept that is rising is the so called "Cradle-to-Cradle" in the industry slang. There is a complete philosophy referring to the care and monitoring of manufacturing, production and waste processes and in the specific case related to solar energies, the focus is to protect the environment avoiding harmful elements harmful for our planet.

8. ELIMINATION OF SELF-CONSUMPTION BARRIERS.

At community level there is a commitment to models in which the user chooses their mode of consumption. The different agreements reached by the European Council in the last months of 2018 point in that direction, with the derogation for our country of the so-called sun tax, and the fixing of a rate of 32% renewable for 2030. According to Renewable Energy (16/10/2018) "Self-consumption facilities shall be entitled to receive remuneration in accordance with the market value for the energy that is discharged into the network".

See our article of 29/10/2018 "Urgent measures for the energy transition and the protection of consumers" where we gave more details concerning this aspect.

9. PROGRESS OF TENDERS AND PPAS AS CONTRACT MODELS.

Likewise, on 10/12/2018, we published in this web a summary referring to this new type of contract, which according to all indications is being imposed worldwide and therefore also in our country and that takes into account the difference between the physical PPA and the synthetic / financial or virtual PPA.

End of main content